別動不動就說amazing!

【倡議+ 電子報】傳遞人物故事,鎖定泛教育、社企…等領域,透過他們為社會付出故事,期待引起更多共鳴。 致富關鍵就在理財!【理財周刊電子報】讓你擁有最專業的股市投資指南、企業內幕追蹤、理財致富手冊。

無法正常瀏覽圖片,請按這裡看說明   無法正常瀏覽內容,請按這裡線上閱讀
新聞  健康  財經  追星  NBA台灣  udn部落格  udnTV  讀書吧  

2019/07/16 第250期  |  訂閱/退訂  |  看歷史報份

別動不動就說amazing!

常常會有外籍老師和我們分享教學經驗。其中一位外籍老師David說,他發現台灣人非常喜歡用amazing。看到老外用筷子吃飯,amazing;發現老外會說幾句中文,amazing;聽到老外已經來台灣好幾年了,amazing….。

他問學生為什麼會這麼多amazing,學生說以為amazing等同稱讚,是good的意思,其實amazing用得不對,顯得誇張,也會讓對方小尶尬。

1.Amazing ≠ good

Amazing在劍橋字典的解釋是extremely su … …

好萊塢的無名英雄 – 電影配樂大師Hans Zimmer

不知大家是否還記得,當初在看迪士尼經典《獅子王》,因為劇情轉折及動人音樂,捨不得移開視線的感動。直至26年後的今天,很多人依舊能夠哼上一段經典主題曲,而隱身在這不朽音符背後,正是這位無名的音樂英雄—好萊塢電影配樂作曲大師Hans Zimmer。

Before you read

Hans Zimmer
漢斯.季默
1957年9月12日

WHO

好萊塢最傳奇的電影配樂大師,Hans Zimmer作為數位混音的先驅,他的作品特色在於混合電子樂和傳統交響樂的編曲方式,並利用不同的器樂引出劇情高潮。2007年,他曾獲The Telegraph選為「還在世的前百大天才」(Top 100 Living Geniuses)。

WHAT

Hans Zimmer的配樂生涯獲獎無數,曾橫掃4座格萊美獎、3座全英古典音樂獎(Classic Brit Awards),並在1988年以《雨人》首次入圍奧斯卡最佳電影配樂,其後在1995年以《獅子王》獲得奧斯卡及金球獎雙項最佳原創配樂;2001年以《神鬼戰士》獲得金球獎最佳原創配樂。

HIGHLIGHT

2010年神劇《全面啓動》(Inception)當中,由Hans Zimmer所製作的配樂橋段「BRAAAM」被譽為經典,卻在近2-3年多次受到其他電影及預告的沿用,氾濫成災。對此,Hans Zimmer曾在Vulture訪問中,毫不掩飾表達出對這種濫用的厭煩。


訪談節錄

節錄自2017年5月11日,由The Feed發佈的經典訪談影片。

人生創作的第一章:不想演奏「別人的」音樂

I was always making a noise on the piano. Then, one day my mom said “Do you want to have a piano teacher?” When you’re a little kid, you sort of misunderstand what that means, or I certainly did.

我小時候總會用鋼琴製造噪音,有天,媽媽問我說:「你想學鋼琴嗎?」想當初你還是小孩,你會誤解這個問題背後的意思,至少我誤會了。

I thought that a piano teacher was somebody who was going to teach you all that crazy noise I was hearing in my head, how to make that come out of my fingers, but that’s not what piano teachers do. They teach you how to play other people’s music. I didn’t want to play other people’s music!

我當時以為鋼琴老師能教的,是如何將腦中的聲音轉化成指尖上的音樂,但那並非老師們會做的事,相反的,他們教我彈奏別人的音樂,但我就是不想演奏別人的音樂!

《全面啟動》

在最緊要的關頭,你「聽到」時間慢下來了嗎?

Everything is shifting all the time: like in the 90s everybody wanted to have an end title song. Now, whenever anybody says, should we have an end title song? I’m just thinking… that’s so last century.

所有事物都會隨著時間改變:就像是上世紀90年代,每個人都想做電影主題曲。現在,只要有人問:「我們要不要做主題曲?」我就會想…嗯哼,真的有夠老套的。

You know that hideous sound we made in Inception? It was a story point in the script. It’s all about what happens if you slow time down. It’s a story point, but it ended up in all of these people’s trailers. Where it’s not a story point, but they’re just like using it to be able to cut from one non sequitur to the other. That’s a bit like those songs. The song has nothing to do with the movie, and it’s a marketing thing.

你知道在電影《全面啟動》中,那段嚇人可怕的配樂嗎?伴隨這段配樂的是劇情的轉捩點,描述了時間慢下來後,到底會發生什麼樣的變數。這段配樂是作為劇情的轉捩點而誕生,但之後卻被濫用在其他部電影的預告片中,用來串聯與劇情毫不相關的電影片段,丟失了原本的意義。這就像是有些曲子,完全與電影沒有絲毫關聯,僅僅作為商業行銷的用途而存在。

The whole conversation we had was to be inside of the movie. For instance, one of my favorite scores is John Williams’ in Superman, but it’s very much objective in a way. It sits above the character.

我們整場對話的意義在於走入電影世界之中,舉個例子來說,我個人最喜歡的電影配樂就是John William的《超人》,然而,但這段音樂卻沒有什麼帶入感,音樂本身甚至比角色還搶眼。

*這邊指的是1978年電影《超人》(Superman)配樂,由倫敦交響樂團(London Symphony Orchestra)演奏。

You know everything about it, as opposed to the way I like working, which is to give you a glimpse at something. I’m not even going to tell you what it is, and I’m just going to invite you in and let you discover it. I’m going to let you be part of this world. Sometimes I’m going to mislead you a little bit, and I’m going to make it all a little scary.

所有與這段配樂有關的一切,都與我製作音樂的原則截然不同,我希望能藉由音樂讓觀眾一窺電影的繽紛世界。我從來不打算直接告訴你,這段音樂代表什麼,而是邀請你進入音樂的大門,讓你去探索、參與這偌大的世界。甚至有時候,我可能會稍微做些誤導,讓這一切帶點恐怖感。

《星際效應》

磅礡星空之下的音樂小故事 — A love letter to my son

I see Chris, and I can tell he’s making the idea up as he goes. He’s saying “What if I were to send you one page, just describing something, but I won’t tell you what the movie is about. Will you give me one day and write whatever you get from that page?”

我與Chris見面時,我看得出來他正在構思這部電影。他當時對我說:「如果我給你一小段的敘述,描述一件事情,但我不會說出這部電影的主題。你能空出一天的時間,寫下你從這敘述中得到的靈感嗎?」

* Chris是《星際效應》導演Christopher Nolan的簡稱。

I got this beautiful, type-written letter which describes what it meant to be a father. I sat down Sunday morning and I, in turn, in a funny way, wrote a love letter to my son, what it meant to me. I’ve done a lot of movies, but every time I sit down, it’s like blank page. Oh my god, I have no idea what to do.

於是我拿到了一張優美的打字稿信件,上面款款寫著為人父親的意義。在某個星期天早晨,我坐下,以一個手停不下來的滑稽狀態,寫了一封給我兒子的情書,以及這封信的意義。我曾為很多電影製作音樂,但每一次我坐下來思考新樂曲,腦中還總是一片空白。天啊!我完全不知道該做什麼。

I finished at around 10:30 p.m. with this really fragile, personal piece and I phoned Chris’ house and his wife answered. He comes over and I play him the thing, finish it and turn around to him and I go “So, what do you think?” He pauses for a second and goes “Suppose I’d better make the movie now!”

大概一直到晚上10點半,我才寫出這段敏感又私人的旋律,隨後我打給Chris家,是她妻子接的電話。之後Chris就過來我這,聽完這段音樂。結束後,我轉過身問:「你覺得如何?」Chris停頓了一下,接著說:「我想我最好現在就動手做這部電影。」

Then he starts to talk to me about space. He talks to me about all of these things and I’m like “Hang on a second. I’ve just given you the tiniest, fragile, discreet, little piece of music. What has that got to do with all this ‘epicness’?”

之後,Chris開始對我大談太空的事情。我當下反應不過來,心想:「慢著,剛剛給你的是一段細碎、敏感、帶點謹慎的旋律,這樣脆弱的旋律,跟星際的『磅礡史詩感』能有什麼關聯?」

He goes “Well, now I know where the heart of the movie is.” All I knew was ultimately that there was this moment of, you’re leaving. You’re leaving your child behind.

Chris回答:「至少我現在知道這部電影的核心在哪了。」最終,我只知道電影裡有這麼一幕情境,是你要離開了,你將要永遠離開、放下你的孩子了。

《獅子王》

童年喪父的心結,因為作曲而從新觸動…

I didn’t work through it, I just took refuge in it, which I didn’t realize. I wouldn’t be in music if this hadn’t happened, because it was two things. It was a complete refuge, to just lose yourself in playing and the other thing was, you know everybody is trying to keep a brave face when tragedy hits.

我一直都沒意識到,音樂沒有解開我的心結,我只是躲進音樂尋求心靈庇護。如果我的父親沒有過世,我根本就不會接觸音樂,背後其實有兩個原因:一個就是沉浸在音樂演奏,對我是全然的心靈慰藉;另外一層原因是每個人總在悲劇發生後,強裝出勇敢面對的樣子。

The only thing that would put a smile on my mom’s face was when she heard me play the piano. I knew that I was being a good boy when I played the piano, and that I could make her day a little brighter. In a funny way, it was sort of helpful to me, because I realized that it wasn’t until The Lion King. My daughter was six-years-old. Weirdly, it was around the same age (as my father passed away). It’s a story about fathers and sons. And you know, the father dying…

當時,我母親就只會在我彈鋼琴時,她臉上才會露出一抹微笑。而我深深了解到,那個彈鋼琴的我,正在扮演一個好孩子,而我的琴聲可以讓她的一天稍微明亮一些。說來有點好笑,我是直到為《獅子王》作曲時,才恍然領悟這個道理。作曲當時,我的女兒才6歲,巧合的是我也是在她這樣的年紀,經歷父親的死亡。而你知道的,《獅子王》裡的爸爸也…

The advantage of not having a musical education is that I always have to invent, and I have to write from the heart. I don’t know where else to write from. In music I have to be completely honest. I don’t know how not to be, and I have to bare it all. It’s a bit… complicated because you have to make up your mind, how much you really want people to see you.

沒有接受正統音樂教育的優點就是,我必須要一直創作,而且是要從內心深處去創造,不然我也不知道該從哪裡開始。面對音樂,我必須保持全然的誠實,說實話,我也不知道該怎樣去遮掩,我得完全敞開內心。這…非常的複雜,因為你必須下定決心,向大眾展現最真實的自己。


 文/ 英語島編輯室

本文收錄於英語島English Island 2019年8月號
訂閱雜誌

「安寧居家」從安寧照顧到慈悲關懷城市
同在醫病溝通關係中對於自主決定的立場:那是一種關係中的自主,是相對的自主,而非絕對的自主。這種你融我融的實踐,在醫療上大概是以身心靈照護、全人關懷、臨終照護、哀傷陪伴為首要使命的安寧緩和照顧是最接近的典型。

《鮑勃.拉札爾:51區與不明飛行物》留心一切
這部紀錄片既沒有教人血脈賁張的幽浮飛行短片舉證、沒有合不攏嘴的小灰人第三類接觸實證、也沒有反駁不能的清晰照片佐證,但鮑勃拉札爾當年說過的話卻慢慢影響了後來的眾多輿論。

 

本電子報著作權均屬「聯合線上公司」或授權「聯合線上公司」使用之合法權利人所有,
禁止未經授權轉載或節錄。若對電子報內容有任何疑問或要求轉載授權,請【
聯絡我們】。
  免費電子報 | 著作權聲明 | 隱私權聲明 | 聯絡我們
udnfamily : news | video | money | stars | health | reading | mobile | data | NBA TAIWAN | blog | shopping