A five-axis CNC machine is one that allows you to position, spin, move, adjust, or even move on the fly. This is the A and B-Axis. What these allow a five-axis CNC machine to do is position a spindle over a much higher percentage of a part than a four-axis machine can. The reason for this is because there is more moving parts to consider.
5-axis CNC machines come with different types of motors, belts, gears, drive units, and other components. Each component of a five-axis can be used on different parts, depending on the need of the individual parts and the CNC machine.
One of the things you will notice about a five-axis CNC machine is that it does not use gearboxes. This is because it will use a belt system. It will also use a motor and gears. Because of this, there are a few different types of gears that come in the five-axis category. These include:
These gears have dual roller bearings. This helps reduce the friction and wear on the gears and reduces the possibility of them damaging the parts you are working with. If you are using one of these gears, make sure that your belt is durable enough to handle the load that the gears will put on it.
Gears that have bearings have another problem. When your gear get dirty, the bearing could become damaged. It is easy to find a lot of CNC parts that will be able to be cleaned with any type of liquid, but these type of gears should never be cleaned with oil.
When purchasing a CNC machine, make sure that it comes with a belt. You want to make sure that there is plenty of tension on the belt so that you don’t have to tighten the belt to the wheels. Make sure that your belt is able to be adjusted and move freely. After all the gears are in place, you should be able to easily control your CNC machine and manipulate the moving parts.
Many CNC drives units are now compatible with multiple types of belt systems. You should be able to select from either a two or three-gear set that allows you to control the speed of the machine, which means you can be more precise.
Gears can also cause a few problems when they are left in an open position. Because the parts get hot from being in the air, there is the risk of the parts getting ruined. You should make sure that you use an enclosed gearbox so the parts stay cool.
Once you know what type of gears your five-axis CNC machine will need to work, it’s time to find some good quality parts for your machine. You can find all of these. or in the local toy store. The internet is a great place to find a huge variety of parts, but make sure you know what you are looking for.