What Is 5-Axis Machining?
The first factor to consider when performing 5-axis machining is the type of machine you are using. The kinds of machines that are used for precision machining are geared to specific types of work, so before purchasing a machine, it’s important to know what kind of machining you plan on doing and what kind of machine you need.
The following section will briefly go over the basic types of machining work and give examples of some of the equipment that can be used for this type of work. Once you have an idea of the type of work you need to perform, you will be able to purchase the equipment that will best meet your needs.
Grain – Grain machining refers to the repetitive separation of grains, or roughness on a material. It can be done with an end mill or with a rotary tool. The goal is to remove grain and cut the material into desired shapes.
Burr – Burr machining uses rotating tools to etch or grind a material. You can use an end mill or a rotary tool. A popular technique is to use a drill press to carve the material to desired shapes. The use of the end mill forces the material to be machined against the tool, which creates a ridged surface that is not possible with a rotary tool.
Bending – Bending is a compound process that involves several steps. A process called smoothing produces a finished product by smoothing the surfaces of a material. Some of the processes include cutting and smoothing. Because of the effects of heat and lubrication, a material will harden during its normal cooling cycle, making it more difficult to use the edges of the tool to achieve a smooth finish.
Rolled Die – The final step in the process of machining is called a rolled die. The final step in a rolling die process is a high temperature and abrasive grinding. Rolling dies are used in many of the processes for machine cutting, as well as in turning. Rolling dies create a polished finish that does not occur with a lathe.
There are many different types of machines that are available to meet your specific needs. Once you have an idea of what you want, then you can begin shopping for equipment.
Before you purchase machining equipment, it’s a good idea to do some research on the type of work you are going to be doing. If you are going to be performing complicated machining operations, it’s a good idea to have the right machinery to work with. If you plan on doing small pieces of work such as fence installation, then it might be best to get equipment that has fewer moving parts.